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TX DWI lawyerIn Texas, a driver can be arrested and charged with driving while intoxicated (DWI) for having a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.08 percent or greater. To determine whether a driver’s BAC exceeds the legal limit, police officers may conduct a field sobriety test or a breath alcohol test such as a breathalyzer. Many Texas drivers have questions about their legal rights during a traffic stop. You may have wondered, “Do I have to take a breathalyzer test?” or “What happens if I refuse a chemical BAC test?”

Preliminary Roadside BAC Tests

The majority of DWI arrests begin with one of two scenarios. The first occurs when a police officer notices that a driver is drifting between lanes, turning with an unusually wide radius, weaving in and out of traffic, or otherwise shows signs of intoxicated driving. The second scenario occurs when an officer pulls a driver over for an offense like speeding or a broken taillight and then notices signs of intoxication such as the smell of alcohol on the driver’s breath.

In either of these scenarios, the officer may ask the driver to take a roadside breathalyzer test. Preliminary breath tests are designed more for portability than for accuracy. Consequently, the results of a roadside breath test are not usually admissible in court as evidence of drunk driving.

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TX defense lawyerFewer drugs have been the subject of as much controversy – or as much confusion – as marijuana. State laws regarding the possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis products vary dramatically from state to state. In Texas, cannabis or “weed” is illegal except in extremely limited circumstances. This includes all edibles and products containing the psychoactive component THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Cookies, candy, brownies, and other products containing THC concentrates are typically penalized more harshly than marijuana and may lead to felony criminal charges and even decades behind bars.

THC Concentrates Including Oil and Wax Are Penalized More Harshly Than Marijuana

Like most states, the criminal penalties an individual faces for possession of an illicit drug varies depending on the amount of the drug in possession. The greater the amount of the drug an individual allegedly possesses, the worse the penalties. Possession of less than two ounces of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor and possession of two to four ounces is a Class A misdemeanor. Possession of any amount greater than four ounces is a felony offense. Distribution of greater than a quarter of an ounce (or seven grams) is also a felony offense.

However, THC edibles are not penalized the same as “marijuana flower” or the physical plant material THC concentrates like hash oil or wax, the substance typically in marijuana edibles, are classified in drug penalty group two. Possession of drugs in this penalty group is penalized more harshly. Possession of less than one gram of THC concentrate can result in state jail felony charges. State jail felonies are punishable by 180 days to two years in jail and a fine of up to $10,000. Possession of one to four grams of a THC concentrate is a third-degree felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison. If you are caught with four to 400 grams of THC concentrates, you face second-degree felony charges and up to 20 years in prison. Possession of more than 400 grams, or just under a pound, of THC concentrates is a first-degree felony punishable by five to 99 years in prison and a maximum fine of $50,000.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney writ bond

Being handcuffed and placed in the back of a police car is one of the most frightening and intimidating experiences a person can go through – especially if the person has never been arrested before. Most people do not know exactly how arrests, criminal charges, and securing bail work after an arrest for driving while intoxicated (DWI). They may be unsure of how long they will be in police custody following the arrest and worried about getting to work, picking up their children from school, and fulfilling other responsibilities. Fortunately, there may be a way to get out of police custody within a few hours following a DWI arrest in Texas through an attorney writ bond.

An Attorney Writ Bond Can Expedite a Criminal Defendant’s Release  

When an individual is arrested for drunk driving in Texas, they are taken into police custody. He or she will attend a hearing with a judge within 48 hours of being arrested. During the hearing, the judge explains what the defendant has been charged with and what he or she must do to be released. Often, the defendant must pay a certain amount of money called a “bail” to be released. Some defendants pay their bail through a bondsman. Judges may also release a defendant on a “personal bond,” which means that he or she swears to appear at a future court date.  

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Collin County criminal defense attorney DWI marijuana

Driving while intoxicated (DWI) charges typically bring to mind drunk driving. However, alcohol is not the only substance that can lead to DWI charges in Texas. While many states have legalized the medical or recreational use of marijuana, the drug is still illegal in Texas save for very specific circumstances.  If you are caught driving while intoxicated by marijuana or a THC-containing product, you may be charged with DWI and subject to penalties including heavy fines and possible jail time. Developing a robust defense strategy with help from a skilled DWI defense lawyer may help you avoid these penalties.  

Understanding the Difference Between DWI Involving Cannabis and DWI Involving Alcohol

The penalties for DWI involving marijuana intoxication and alcohol intoxication are largely the same. A first offense is a misdemeanor punishable by up to 180 days in jail, a $2,000 fine, and a temporary suspension of your driver’s license. Second or subsequent offenses or DWI involving certain aggravating factors such as child passengers are penalized by longer jail sentences.

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Collin County DWI defense attorney intoxication manslaughter

Most first-time drunk driving offenses are misdemeanor offenses punishable by a maximum of 180 days in jail, fines, and suspension of the offender’s driver’s license. However, driving while intoxicated (DWI) and causing an accident in which someone is injured or killed is a felony offense in Texas. These crimes are punished much more severely than typical DWI offenses. If you or a loved one have been charged with driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs and causing a serious car accident, speak with a criminal defense lawyer right away. The sooner you contact an experienced lawyer, the sooner your lawyer can start building a defense strategy.

Penalties for Intoxication Assault and Intoxication Manslaughter

Driving while intoxicated and causing a crash that results in injury or death is referred to as “intoxication assault” or “intoxication manslaughter” respectively. Both of these crimes are felony offenses that are heavily penalized in Texas. If you are convicted of causing serious bodily injury in a drunk driving accident, you could face 10 years in prison and fines of up to $10,000. If you are convicted of causing a drunk driving accident that results in death, you face penalties including a maximum of 20 years in prison and a maximum fine of $10,000.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney order of protection

Any relationship is bound to have some degree of conflict. However, when a conflict between romantic partners, roommates, or relatives escalates, an individual may be accused of “family violence.” The state of Texas takes allegations of family violence and child abuse very seriously. Consequently, an individual accused of family violence or domestic violence can face harsh criminal consequences. If you have been accused of harming a family member or household member, you may be subject to a Magistrate’s Order of Emergency Protection (MOEP). If someone has filed an MOEP against you, understanding your rights and obligations is essential. 

Texas Magistrate’s Order of Emergency Protection

A Magistrate’s Order of Emergency Protection is a court order that is used to protect an alleged victim of domestic violence or stalking from further harassment or abuse. These orders are often referred to as restraining orders or protection orders. In Texas, a judge or “magistrate” is required to issue a MOEP if someone is arrested for family violence involving a deadly weapon or resulting in serious bodily harm. A judge may also issue an MOEP if the order is requested by a law enforcement officer, prosecutor, alleged victim, or the guardian of an alleged victim.

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Posted on in DWI

Collin County criminal defense attorney DWI

When a person drives after drinking alcohol, they may face charges of driving while intoxicated (DWI) if they are found to be in control of a vehicle with a blood alcohol content (BAC) of at least .08 percent. However, there are other substances that can cause impairment that affects a person’s ability to drive safely. Drivers should be aware that they could face DWI charges due to the use of a variety of different types of drugs. Those who have been charged with DWI in Texas will want to secure representation from a skilled and experienced criminal defense attorney.

DWI Charges Related to Legal and Illegal Drugs

The Texas Penal Code states that a person is considered to be intoxicated if they do not have the normal use of their physical or mental faculties due to the introduction of alcohol, drugs, or any combination of these substances into their body. This means that the use of any substances that affect a person’s ability to safely operate a vehicle could lead to DWI charges. These substances may include:

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Collin County criminal defense attorney stalking

There are multiple activities and behaviors that can lead to a person facing criminal charges, and sometimes, these can arise out of relationship problems, disagreements between family members, or other situations where a person acts in a way that offends or threatens someone else. In some cases, a person who allegedly commits these types of actions may face charges of harassment, but in more serious situations, they may be accused of stalking. This is a felony offense in Texas, and a conviction can result in severe penalties, so those who have been accused of this crime should be sure to understand the laws that affect them and the best defense strategies against these types of charges.

The Differences Between Harassment and Stalking

The Texas Penal Code defines harassment as actions that are deliberately meant to annoy, torment, abuse, alarm, or embarrass someone else. These actions may include repeatedly calling someone on the phone or sending text messages or emails, as well as messages sent through other types of electronic communication, such as social media. Harassment may also involve threatening to injure or harm a person, their family members, or their property; making false reports that a person’s loved ones have suffered serious injuries or been killed; or any forms of communication that involve obscene comments or requests.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney

After being arrested on criminal charges, you will want to figure out the best way to get out of jail as quickly as possible. While waiting for a judge to set bail and posting that amount either by making a cash payment or receiving a bail bond is one commonly used option, this process can take up to 48 hours to complete. In some cases, you may be able to get released more quickly by obtaining an attorney writ bond. Our attorneys can help you make arrangements to receive this type of bond without the need to appear before a judge, and in many cases, this process can be completed within a few hours. However, it is important to understand the types of cases where an attorney writ bond will or will not be an option.

What Types of Criminal Charges Are Eligible for Attorney Writ Bonds?

Typically, attorney writ bonds are available to those who have been charged with certain types of misdemeanor offenses, including:

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Fairview drunk driving defense attorney

Drunk driving is a serious criminal offense in Texas. When a driver is impaired due to the use of alcohol, controlled substances, or prescription drugs, he or she can face charges of driving while intoxicated (DWI), and a conviction will result in driver’s license suspension or revocation, as well as other consequences, such as being required to pay fines or being sentenced to time in prison. In many cases, drivers will also be ordered to install an ignition interlock device in any vehicles they drive after regaining their driving privileges.

What Is an Ignition Interlock Device?

A breath alcohol ignition interlock device (BAIID) is a breathalyzer that measures a person’s blood alcohol content (BAC) and prevents them from operating their vehicle if they have been drinking. A driver will breathe into the BAIID, and if the device registers a BAC that is above a certain limit, the vehicle will not start. In addition to providing a breath sample when initially starting a car, a driver will also be required to measure their BAC at regular intervals, and the device will take a picture of the person to ensure that the vehicle’s driver is the person providing a breath sample. Typically, drivers will be required to pay all costs related to the installation of a BAIID in their vehicle, as well as ongoing maintenance fees.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney expunction

Everyone has made mistakes in their past. Maybe you got caught up with the wrong group of kids growing up, or perhaps you made a drunk decision that you wish you could take back. If you are lucky, you may be the only one who remembers the mistake. For those individuals who have been arrested or charged with a crime, the mistake remains as a mark on their permanent record. People with a criminal background—even those who were arrested but never convicted—have these decisions follow them for the rest of their lives. But what if removing this criminal mark was an option? For some, expunction may be exactly what they are looking for to move on with their lives.

What Records Can Be Expunged?

Criminal records are public, which means that anyone who conducts a background check, especially when hiring for jobs, will see anything built up on your record. An expunction allows individuals to remove information about an arrest, charge, or conviction from their permanent record, but only in certain circumstances. Once the record is expunged, all information regarding the case will be removed from the individual’s record and he or she is legally allowed to deny that the incident ever occurred. You may be wondering why everyone with a criminal record does not work to get their record expunged. The reason? Only 10 situations qualify for expunction. Records eligible for expunction include the following:

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Collin County criminal defense attorney drug crimes

The so-called “war on drugs” has led law enforcement officials to crack down on anyone who is suspected of possessing, using, selling, manufacturing, or distributing controlled substances. However, drug charges can range in severity depending on the types of drugs involved in a case, as well as the amount of the drugs and whether allegations involve simple possession or the intent to deliver or distribute drugs to others. The most serious types of drug charges involve what are commonly known as “hard drugs,” which are substances that are considered to be highly addictive and dangerous without accepted medical benefits.

Drug Charges for Substances in Penalty Group 1

The Texas Penal Code groups controlled substances into several different categories, and drug charges will depend on which penalty group includes a specific drug. Most hard drugs are included in Penalty Group 1, and the possession, manufacture, or delivery of these substances will result in the most serious charges. Drugs in Penalty Group 1 include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamines, raw opium, and other opioids or opiates that are not included in other penalty groups. The Texas Penal Code also identifies Penalty Group 1-A, which includes LSD and other similar hallucinogens.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney child abuse

There are a wide variety of situations where a person may be accused of family violence. In many cases, these accusations will involve claims that a person has committed assault against a spouse or dating partner. While these types of claims can be serious, a person will likely face even more severe consequences if they are accused of committing family violence against children. Parents will want to understand how the laws in Texas apply to situations involving claims of child abuse or endangerment, and by working with an experienced lawyer, they can determine their best options for defense.

Child Abuse

The Texas Family Code specifies multiple different forms of abuse against children that fall under the category of family violence. These include:

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Allen criminal defense attorney aggravated assault

Most people understand that intentionally injuring or harming someone else can lead to criminal charges. In Texas, a wide variety of different actions can fall under the category of assault, but they typically involve claims that a person has acted in a way that he or she knew would cause bodily injury to a person, either intentionally or recklessly. While “simple” assault charges can result in a variety of criminal consequences, these charges become even more serious when a charge is elevated to aggravated assault. Those who have been accused of serious assault charges will want to understand the exact nature of the offense they are accused of committing, as well as the potential penalties they may face if convicted.

Aggravating Factors in Assault Cases

The Texas Penal Code states that a person may be charged with assault if he or she caused bodily injury to someone else either on purpose or through reckless actions, threatened to commit bodily injury or purposely made physical contact with someone else in a manner that could be considered offensive or provocative. A charge may be elevated to aggravated assault if one of the following occurred when the individual allegedly committed assault:

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Collin County criminal defense attorney DWI

Drunk driving is a safety issue that affects everyone who travels the roadways. Because alcohol or drug use can make it difficult or impossible to drive safely, police officers are always on the lookout for behavior that may indicate that a driver is intoxicated. Drivers who are pulled over by law enforcement on suspicion of driving while intoxicated (DWI) will likely be concerned about what they can do to protect their rights, and they should be sure to understand how to respond when asked to submit to any testing to determine whether they are impaired.

Texas’ Implied Consent Law

In the state of Texas, anyone who obtains a driver’s license is considered to have consented to have his or her blood alcohol content (BAC) tested if arrested on DWI charges. This is referred to as “implied consent,” and it means that drivers can face consequences if they refuse BAC testing after an arrest.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney writ bond

Being arrested is never a pleasant experience, especially for those who are unfamiliar with the processes followed when they are taken into police custody, booked into a jail or detention facility, and formally charged with a crime. In these situations, individuals will want to get out of jail as quickly as they can so they can return to their normal life while determining how to defend against the charges they are facing. Unfortunately, this process can often take significant time as prosecutors determine what charges to file, and the accused waits for a hearing where a judge can set bail. However, an attorney writ bond will offer another option, allowing a person to get out of jail much more quickly while also ensuring that he or she can determine the defense strategy against criminal charges.

When Is an Attorney Writ Bond Available?

After a person is arrested in Texas, he or she must appear before a judge within 48 hours. At this hearing, the judge will inform the person of the charges against him or her, and the court will set conditions for a bond that will allow the person to be released from custody. In many cases, a judge will specify an amount of bail that must be paid. A judge may also allow a person to be released on a personal bond, in which he or she will not be required to pay bail as long as he or she meets all of the requirements set by the judge, such as submitting to electronic monitoring.

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Collin County criminal defense attorney DWI

It is well-known that drunk driving is against the law. Alcohol intoxication can make it difficult or impossible for a person to drive safely, and it can lead to dangerous car accidents in which people are injured or killed. Because of this, Texas drivers who operate a vehicle after drinking alcohol or using drugs can face serious criminal charges. Even a first-time DWI offense can lead to multiple penalties that can affect a person for years to come, and those who are facing these types of charges will want to work with a criminal defense attorney to determine the best defense strategy.

Criminal and Administrative Penalties for a First DWI Offense

Under the Texas Penal Code, a person may be charged with the offense of Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) if they operate a motor vehicle in a public place while they have a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 percent or more. A person may also be considered intoxicated if they have lost their normal physical or mental faculties because of the use of alcohol, controlled substances, prescription medications, or any combination of these substances.

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Frisco TX drug paraphernalia possession defense attorneyDrug use is common in the United States, and there are a variety of drug charges that a person may face if police officers suspect that they have used illegal substances. In many cases, drug possession charges will apply if a person is found to have controlled substances on their person or in their home or vehicle. Those who are found in possession of large amounts of drugs or who are suspected of engaging in the sale of drugs to others may face more serious charges of drug delivery, distribution, or trafficking. However, drug charges may also apply in some situations where a person was not actually in possession of drugs, but instead possessed or sold items related to the use or delivery of illegal substances.

Texas Drug Paraphernalia Charges

Drug paraphernalia may include any items or equipment involved in using, manufacturing, or distributing illegal drugs. Examples may include:

  • Pipes and other devices used to smoke marijuana

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Allen criminal defense attorney domestic violence

Domestic violence is an ongoing concern for law enforcement officials, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Because of the increased stress that many people are feeling and the requirements to remain together in the same home without the chance to participate in normal activities, disagreements between family members may spiral out of control, leading to accusations of family violence. Other factors that may play a role in these cases include economic anxiety due to job loss or reductions in income, as well as increased rates of drug and alcohol abuse. While a single accusation of domestic assault can lead to consequences that may affect a person’s relationship with their children or other family members, repeated instances of alleged family violence can lead to even more serious criminal charges in Texas.

Understanding Continuous Family Violence Charges

In many cases, a person accused of family violence will be charged with domestic assault. This type of assault may be committed against a spouse, a person’s children, other family members, people living in the same household, or a person in a dating relationship with the accused. Assault is defined as knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly inflicting a bodily injury on a person, threatening to inflict bodily harm, or making physical contact that can be considered “offensive or provocative.” Domestic assault is typically charged as a Class A misdemeanor under Texas law.

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Collin County DWI defense attorney

As you prepare for Thanksgiving, it is important to be aware of the increased risk of being arrested on suspicion of drinking and driving. Holiday get-togethers often involve alcohol consumption, and because of this, police officers will be on the lookout for intoxicated drivers during the extended holiday weekends in November and December. Those who expect to consume alcohol will want to understand the steps they can take to avoid being arrested for driving while intoxicated (DWI) in Texas.

Operation CARE and No Refusal Weekends

The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) has stated that it will be increasing its enforcement efforts over the Thanksgiving weekend, lasting from Wednesday through Sunday. During this time, officers will be conducting more patrols than normal and looking specifically for drivers who are suspected of drunk driving, as well as other traffic violations, such as speeding and driving without a seat belt.

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